Biblical Fasting - Why Should I Fast? How Should I Fast?

Have you ever wondered about the purpose of fasting in the Bible?  Have you ever been confused on how to go about fasting?  Here are some biblical reasons and ways to go about fasting!

10 Reasons to Fast
From Spiritual Disciplines for the Christian Life by Donald Whitney
1. Strengthen Prayer
2. Seek God’s Guidance
3. Express Grief
4. Seek Deliverance or Protection
5. Express Repentance or Return to God
6. Humble Oneself Before God
7. Express Concern for the Work of God
8. Minister to the Needs of Others
9. Overcome Temptation & Dedicate Yourself to God
10. Express Love and Worship to God

7 Ways to Fast
Normal Fast – fasting from all food, not from water
o Jesus’ temptation (Matthew 4:1-11)
Partial Fast – limitation of your diet
o (Daniel 1:12 – vegetables to eat and water to drink)
o (Matthew 3:4 - John the Baptist - locusts & wild honey
Absolute Fast – fasting from all food and all water
(Ezra 8:21-23, Esther 4:12-16, Paul Acts 9:9, David 2Sam12:15-23)
Supernatural Fast – requires God’s intervention to survive
o Moses (Deuteronomy 9:9), Elijah (1 Kings 19:8)
Private Fast - in a way not to be noticed (Matthew 6:16-18)
Congregational Fast – united focus (Joel 2:15-16, Acts 13:2)
Other than food - “a voluntary denial of a normal function for the sake of intense spiritual activity” - Richard Foster


(Ezra 8:21-23, ESV) Then I proclaimed a fast there, at the river Ahava, that we might humble ourselves before our God, to seek from him a safe journey for ourselves, our children, and all our goods. 22 For I was ashamed to ask the king for a band of soldiers and horsemen to protect us against the enemy on our way, since we had told the king, “The hand of our God is for good on all who seek him, and the power of his wrath is against all who forsake him.” 23 So we fasted and implored our God for this, and he listened to our entreaty. 

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